Karang Tuang : Adaptation of the Open Space Ecological Concept on Living Home
Keywords:population density, karang tuang, Adaptation, houses
Based on data from the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) of Bali province, the projected population density in Bali in 2017 is 4,246.5 people. The problems with population density and settlements will not be resolved in a short time. Solutions to settlement problems are an absolute thing to do. The settlement of this problems must be started from the first point which is a home stay. Housing as one of the basic human needs in the process of planning, development and use, of course, must consider the preservation of nature. One of the concepts used by traditional Balinese communities in managing their home environment is Karang Tuang. Understanding wind movements is applied by placing a pattern of open spaces diagonally from the southeast to the northwest. This study aims to get a design adaptation of the concept of cast coral at home. This study uses a skinative method which is presented descriptively with an ecological approach. Data collection techniques are carried out purposively with a maximum land size of 100M². Based on the relationship between the suitability of the karang tuang concept and the results of the study, 8 (eight) indicators will be adapted to houses, namely spatial patterns, building mass, open space (cast coral), open space natural material, architectural typology, natural ventilation, natural lighting and landscape. Adaptation of space patterns is developed into three types. The typology of architecture, material, ventilation, lighting and landscape will be adapted through the use of technology with the development of space opening designs.